Provinces of Iran Qom


The province of Qom is located in the south of Tehran and lies in a hot sandy hollow between the mountains of Kashan and the great salt desert, so it belongs in climate, scenery and architecture to the desert rather than to the Alborz region.

Architectural discoveries indicate that Qom was a residential area from the 15th millennium B.C. According to the pre-Islamic remaining relics and historical text, Qom has been a grand city.

With the advent of Islam, it rapidly developed and turned into a semi-independent area during the Bani-Omayyeh and Bani-Abbas caliphates.

The city of Qom, the provincial capital, was founded in the 9th century. This city was destroyed by the Mongol conqueror Tamerlane in the 14th century and by the Afghans in the 18th century.

Qom is the cradle and center of Shiites and one of the sacred cities of Iran, after Mashhad.

(Making architectural spaces around the holy tomb of Hazrat-e Maasoumeh dates back to the second half of the 2nd century.)

The museum of the Holy Sanctuary was established in 1935, and consists of two large halls with walls decorated with exquisite mosaic tile work (from 13th century A.D).

The mosque of Jamkaran on the road connecting Qom to Kashan is of high prominence among the Shiites. Industrial development occurred largely during the 1930s. Sohan, a kind of traditional sweet is produced in this province.

Fayziyeh School is one of the most famous religious theological schools in the world. It replaced Asstaneh School in 19th century. According to the historical texts, the main building of Asstaneh School existed until the middle of 6th centry A.H and was rehabilitated in the Safavid era.

The home of Imam Khomeini, in Qom is very simple and consists of a basement and a ground floor.

It was bought by Imam in 1956 and used by him until 1963. Being a holy memorial by Imam Khomeini, it has many visitors from all over the world.